Bill Riddick was integral to event which inspired ‘The Best of Enemies’
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‘The Best of Enemies’ the movie
‘The Best of Enemies’ stars “Empire” star Taraji P. Henson as civil-rights activist Ann Atwater and Academy Award winner Sam Rockwell as Ku Klux Klan leader C.P. Ellis, telling the true story of events in Durham, NC, in 1971.
In 1971, Bill Riddick spent a remarkable 10 days in Durham, bringing together a racially divided city to talk about integrating schools.
The results: A Klansman tearing up his membership card, some tenuous unity between black and white residents, and an unexpected relationship that has found its way to a book, stage and now national movie theaters.
Almost 50 years ago, the events Riddick played such a key role in were the talk of the town. But Riddick has rarely mentioned them, nor his involvement, to friends.
That’s about to change. Soon the country will learn about a key piece of Durham’s history, and his role, in “The Best of Enemies,” a film starring “Empire” actress Taraji P. Henson and Oscar winner Sam Rockwell. The film debuts in theaters nationwide April 5, telling the story of how two Durham residents — one black and one white — went from enemies to friends.
Riddick brought the two together in the film, and in real life.
The story of “The Best of Enemies” has been told before. The movie, which is written and directed by veteran filmmaker Robin Bissell, is based on the 1996 book, “The Best of Enemies: Race and Redemption in the New South” by Osha Gray Davidson.
In the book and the film, Ann Atwater, a local black activist, and C.P. Ellis, the Exalted Cyclops of the Ku Klux Klan in Durham, lead a community conversation, or charrette, where stakeholders come up with solutions to resolve a conflict. In the film, Henson plays Atwater while Rockwell portrays Ellis. (Ellis died in 2005 with Atwater dying in 2016.)
Babou Ceesay, a Gambian-British actor seen primarily in British television and film, plays Riddick. In the film, Riddick is tasked with helping the city decide whether schools should be integrated after a fire dramatically damages a school attended by black children.
Riddick, now 81, still lives just a few miles from downtown in Southeast Raleigh, where he and with his wife, Delores, have resided since 1969. He has seen the film a few times, attending a recent premiere in Durham with Henson and filmmakers. He was involved with the film before then, visiting the movie’s Atlanta set during filming and talking regularly with Bissell.
In an interview at his home, he describes the real events behind the film, and what the film got right.
Durham school desegregation
Riddick grew up in a tiny town called Como in Hertford County, near the North Carolina-Virginia border. He graduated from N.C. A&T State University and earned a master’s degree at N.C. State University.
He was working at Shaw University the first time he led a charrette on the topic of urban planning.
By 1971, Riddick had left his job at Shaw and had his own consulting firm when Durham labor organizer Wilbur Hobby called him to lead the charrette in Durham. Called “Save Our Schools,” or S.O.S. in newspaper headlines at the time, the meetings were federally funded and administered through the AFL-CIO.
The film portrays a school fire as the impetus for the charrette being critical to desegregating schools. But in reality, many of Durham’s schools already were desegregated. (The school building depicted in the film, East End Elementary, still stands but is no longer a school.)
The first Durham students to desegregate the public schools were in 1959 after a lawsuit by the McKissick family. But full-scale desegregation did not happen for another decade.
While Riddick knew the story had made its way into a book, play and documentary, he didn’t take it seriously when Bissell, known for “The Hunger Games,” called to arrange a meeting with him. But then Bissell’s father came up to Riddick at a theatrical presentation of “The Best of Enemies” at Durham’s Manbites Dog Theater. He told Riddick the interest was serious.
Riddick agreed to be part of the film.
The labor organizer, the Klansman and the activist
In real life, Riddick said he was excited to bring Ellis and Atwater together, two people at extreme ends of the issue.
But he also had reasons to be apprehensive about working with both of them during the 10-day charrette, which was held at R.N. Harris Elementary School.
“About halfway through this thing, I really questioned my method of trying to make a living — but I had to succeed,” Riddick said. “That was my drive.”
Riddick said Atwater, in those days, “would blast off without really thinking about it.”
“We had several bouts about that,” he said. “Frankly, the first day of the charrette, I didn’t like either one of them.”
As for Ellis, he was the perfect person to take part in the charrette. “[Wilbur] Hobby, who ran the AFL-CIO at the time, had told me [Ellis] was the one raising hell about desegregation,” Riddick recalled.
There’s a scene in the movie when Riddick approaches Ellis at his service station to ask him to join the charrette. Ellis eyed Riddick, who is black, with skepticism.
“That really happened,” Riddick said.
But Riddick wasn’t scared to talk to the leader of the KKK, he said.
“I was born in the ‘30s, now,” he said. “I had a lot of experience with people like C.P. Ellis — it was not that strange to me. I grew up on a farm and my father was a tenant farmer. Everybody in the neighborhood belonged to the Klan.”
And, Riddick adds, he weighed about 270 pounds at the time.
“What was he going to do to me?” he said.
As for other participants, Riddick said he felt middle-class African-American Durham residents were less interested in being part of it for fear of risking their reputation.
In real life and in the film, former Durham City Councilman Howard Clement plays a role in the charrette. Clement represented the Black Solidarity Committee. Riddick said he remembers the late council member as a middle-cass resident who was part of the system, unlike Atwater, who he said had to jump over the system to get things done.
In a scene from the movie, Clement calls Ellis “Brother” during an initial meeting about the charrette. That happened in real life, Riddick said.
“When he said that, the noise came from Ann and her group. They really dressed him down. It was awful,” Riddick said.
Former Durham City Council member Eddie Davis is the public historian for the city’s 150th anniversary this year. A career educator, Davis came to Durham in 1980. He said the Durham depicted in the film, in his opinion, is more of a stereotype of Mississippi or Alabama.
Davis succeeded Clement on the City Council in 2013, in the Ward 2 seat. Davis did not seek reelection when his term was up in 2017.
Davis remembers Atwater as a strong advocate and “quite a character.”
The ‘talk of the town’ moment
A major scene in the film, and in real life, took place when Ellis ripped up his Ku Klux Klan membership card at the conclusion of the charrette.
In real life, Riddick was sitting just a few feet from Ellis during his defiant act.
Riddick said he told Atwater and Ellis they would have several minutes to speak at the end of the charrette. He asked them for their notes ahead of time so he knew what to expect. Neither made notes.
Ellis went first, and told the room of 200 to 300 people that he agreed to fully desegregate schools. Ellis was shaking. He was moved.
“The actual words stuck with me. ‘If schools are going to be better by my tearing up this card, I’ll tear it up,’” Riddick recalled Ellis saying.
And Ellis did.
“I was shocked,” Riddick said. “Shocked. If you take my family out of it, it was the most shocking experience [of my life].
“[Ellis] had found his soul. Found who he was, who he is.”
The room was silent.
Atwater didn’t speak again after Ellis, Riddick said, because the charrette had succeeded.
“I dismissed, and we went home.”
Riddick didn’t see Atwater and Ellis again until decades later, when Davidson was working on the book about their friendship. Riddick retired in 2004 from a second career working in student health at UNC-Chapel Hill and is now involved in a mental health program for school-age children.
He didn’t reveal his involvement in the film to his golfing buddies until they learned of the film’s existence.
But thanks to “The Best of Enemies,” in all its forms, his golfing buddies, and millions more, will know.
“I didn’t expect a miracle,” Riddick said of his role in bringing Ellis and Atwater together. “But I got one.”